Eye Hospital

Laying out by the pool, building sandcastles on the beach, and tossing a flying disc at the park are all typical “fun in the sun” activities. But are you blind to the dangers of sun exposure because you’re having so much fun?

Learn about the top 5 sun-related eye problems and your treatment options.


UV exposure is responsible for approximately 80% of visible signs of ageing. UV rays are harmful to your skin and accelerate the ageing process by causing new wrinkles, sun spots, and looseness in the skin around your eyes.

Furthermore, squinting in the sun can cause crow’s feet and deepen wrinkles. Wearing UV-blocking sunglasses helps to prevent further damage to the skin around the eyes and all ocular structures.

UV400 or higher ultraviolet (UV) lens protection is recommended for consumers. This rating indicates that the lens blocks 99.9% of harmful UV rays.

UV sunwear will protect the delicate skin around the eyes from sun damage and reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Sunburn on the cornea

The cornea is the clear outer covering of the eye and is often referred to as the “skin” of the eye. The cornea, like the skin, can be sunburned. Photokeratitis is a sunburn of the cornea. This is a painful corneal inflammation caused by unfiltered UV ray exposure.

As with most sun-related eye problems, the solution is to wear UV-protective sunglasses.


Did you know that unfiltered UV exposure can cause or hasten the development of cataracts?

A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens that can impair vision. While cataracts are most commonly associated with ageing, you can reduce your risk of developing them by wearing UV-blocking sunglasses.

Cataracts that impair vision are typically treated surgically by removing the lens. The clouded lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens, which restores vision.

Pterygia and Pinguecula

Pinguecula and pterygia are sun-induced growths on the sclera (the white of the eye).

A pterygium can spread onto the cornea and impair vision, whereas a pinguecula cannot.

The best preventative treatment for the development of these topical growths is to wear proper UV protection.

If the pterygium interferes with vision, surgery may be considered. If either growth irritates the skin, a topical lubricant is frequently prescribed.

Age-related macular degeneration

The effect of ultraviolet radiation on the progression of macular degeneration is not completely understood.

Macular degeneration is characterised by the disruption of the macula, the central area of the retina responsible for clear vision. According to some studies, sun exposure may worsen age-related macular degeneration.

Comprehensive eye exams and protective sunwear can help to keep this condition from worsening.

Is it possible to undo the effects of the sun?

Almost all of these sun-related eye problems and symptoms can be treated in some way, reducing or even reversing the process.

It is best to protect yourself from the sun and prevent sun damage from occurring. This includes shielding children from direct sunlight. UV rays can cause eye problems in children, and long-term sun exposure from childhood can cause eye problems later in life.

Wearing sunscreen with water-resistant, broad-spectrum coverage and an SPF of 30 or higher, UV-blocking sunglasses, and a wide-brimmed hat every time you go outside is the best way to accomplish this.

The doctors at Dr Kamdar Eye Hospital provide world-class eye care and vision correction, with a focus on LASIK, cataract, cornea, retina, and glaucoma treatments. Dr. Kamdar Eye Institute

You will find cutting-edge medical facilities that combine revolutionary technologies with the most experienced ophthalmologists at the Hospital. Our goal is to help you achieve your personal best vision.

Please call or visit Dr Kamdar Eye Hospital for more information or to make an appointment with a consultant.

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