WHAT IS UVEITIS?
Uveitis is an inflammation of the middle layer of the eye caused by a variety of diseases and conditions. The condition is called uveitis because the uvea is inflamed, but it can also affect other areas of the eye such as the lens, optic nerve, and retina. Uveitis can cause swelling and tissue damage, resulting in blurred vision or, in severe cases, blindness. It usually responds well to treatment; however, there is a risk of recurrence and, in some cases, chronicity.
What causes uveitis?
While there is no obvious underlying cause in some cases, a direct link can be found in others. It is frequently linked to eye injuries, viral infections, toxins, or tumours of the eye, as well as systemic autoimmune disorders (such as AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriasis) or inflammatory disorders (such as crohn’s disease, colitis, or multiple sclerosis).
Many times, the cause of uveitis is unknown. Commonly recognised causes include:
- autoimmune disorder : Arthritis, Reiter’s syndrome, sarcoidosis, and ankylosing spondylitis infection are just a few examples.
- eye problems caused by herpes virus infection, syphilis, tuberculosis, and Lyme disease such as an eye infection, a corneal scratch, or an ulcer on the eye’s surface
- isolated autoimmune ocular disorder – Even when no other autoimmune disease is present, the immune system attacks the iris for unknown reasons.
There are several types of uveitis, which include:
Anterior uveitis, also known as iritis, is an inflammation of the iris. It is the most common uveitis pattern, accounting for 90% of uveitis cases.
Pars planitis or intermediate uveitis – The vitreous gel is inflammatory. The majority of the eye cavity and the pars plana, which is the tissue that connects the front and back of the eye, are filled with vitreous gel.
chorioretinitis or posterior uveitis – Choroid, retina, and other structures at the back of the eye are inflamed. The choroid is the largest layer of blood vessels within the eyeball, and it is frequently involved in inflammation at the back of the eye.
What are the signs and symptoms of uveitis?
The condition can affect one or both eyes, and the symptoms can appear suddenly. They may include a red, sore, and inflamed eye, blurred vision, light sensitivity, an irregular pupil size, and occasionally seeing floaters within your field of vision. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention right away. Uveitis is a chronic condition that can cause vision loss as well as other eye problems such as glaucoma, retinal detachment, and cataracts.
How is uveitis treated?
Because the symptoms of uveitis are similar to those of other eye diseases, our doctors will carefully examine the inside of your eye under bright light and high magnification to determine the presence and severity of the condition. They may also perform additional diagnostic procedures and arrange for additional tests to help pinpoint the cause. Our doctors will collaborate with you and your health care providers to aid in the diagnosis of any underlying condition that may have caused uveitis in the first place.
Uveitis treatment aims to reduce and eliminate inflammation and pain, as well as to prevent damage to the tissues within the eye and vision loss. Depending on where the inflammation appears in the eye, anti-inflammatory steroid eye drops, pills, or injections are typically used to treat it. Depending on the cause of the condition, additional medications or treatments may be prescribed. If we believe that treatment outside our scope of practise is required, we will refer you to the appropriate specialist.
Immunosuppressant medications, for example, may be prescribed by a specialist if the cause is an autoimmune disease. If there is a viral infection or elevated intraocular pressure, the appropriate medications will be administered. Treatment usually takes a few days, or even a few weeks in some cases. Because uveitis is frequently a chronic disease, it is critical to see an eye doctor whenever symptoms reappear. If left untreated, uveitis can affect adjacent eye tissues, leading to the development of glaucoma, cataracts, or retinal edoema, resulting in vision loss.
Dr. Kamdar Eye Hospitals’ doctors are LASIK, cataract, cornea, retina, and glaucoma specialists.
The hospital is equipped with cutting-edge medical technology and the most experienced ophthalmologists. Our goal is to help you realise your best vision.
Please call or visit Dr. Kamdar Eye Hospital for more information or to schedule an appointment with a consultant.